2018, Number 1
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ABSTRACTOsteoporosis (OP) is a disorder of bone metabolism characterized by a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) and by a deterioration of the bone microarchitecture, which implies an increase in bone fragility. This disease represents a global public health problem, affecting mainly postmenopausal women, also, the OP constitutes a risk factor for fractures and a decrease in the quality of life. There is an important relationship between OP and Nutrition, as the lack of nutrients such as calcium and vitamin D, low-calorie diets, as well as the excess or deficit in protein intake and a sedentary lifestyle, could interfere with calcium balance and affect bone health.
Qaseem A, Forciea MA, McLean RM, Denberg TD; Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians. Treatment of low bone density or osteoporosis to prevent fractures in men and women: a clinical practice guideline update from the american college of physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2017; 166 (11): 818-839. doi: 10.7326/M15-1361. Epub 2017 May 9. Erratum in: Ann Intern Med. 2017; 167: 448.