2018, Number 04
Results and complications of amniocentesis. Experience of two centers of Latin American fetal maternal medicine
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ABSTRACTObjective: The purpose of this paper is to describe the indications, complications and results of amniocentesis performed in two fetal maternal medicine units in Bogota Colombia between 2009 and 2015.
Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional observational descriptive study; 770 amniocentesis performed during 6 years (2009 - 2015) with evaluation of the characteristics of the patients, procedures and complications observed were evaluated. In addition, the findings were compared with reports from different studies of the world literature.
Results: 748 amniocentesis data were included, statistically analyzing the clinical characteristics of the patients and the results, indications and complications of the procedure. The median age was 29 years (RIQ: 23-37). The most common indication was genetic in 508 cases (67.9%). 89 (17.5%) cases of chromosomopathies were reported, with trisomy 21 being more frequently observed in 41 patients (46%). The loss of pregnancy and the threat of preterm labor attributable to amniocentesis were 0.94% and 2.54%, respectively.
Conclusion: The characteristics of amniocentesis allow us to know statistics of outcomes, complications, actual loss rate or associated factors, with a view to exploring both maternal and fetal factors in single and multiple pregnancies in two units of Latin American Fetal Maternal Medicine.
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