Revista de Hematología

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>Journals >Revista de Hematología >Year 2016, Issue 1

Cantero-Fortiz Y, León-Peña AA, León-González M, Ruiz-Delgado GJ, Ruiz-Argüelles GJ
Central nervous system involvement in multiple myeloma
Rev Hematol Mex 2016; 17 (1)

Language: Inglés
References: 17
Page: 63-66
PDF: 291.76 Kb.

Full text


Multiple myeloma (MM) is a monoclonal gammopathy known as the malignant proliferation of plasma cells presenting typical complications like hypercalcemia, osteolytic bone lesions, anemia, renal insufficiency, and infections. Central nervous system (CNS) involvement in multiple myeloma, also known as leptomeningeal myelomatosis is uncommon and has been reported only in 1% of patients. Represents a complication of multiple myeloma in which the pathophysiology of migration and proliferation of plasma cell remains unknown. The diagnosis hallmark for this entity is the presence of plasma cells in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The reduced number of patients with leptomeningeal myelomatosis makes unclear the optimal therapy for this condition. Intrathecal therapy has shown to be an effective therapy to clear plasma cells from CSF. We present a case of a 40-year-old patient with multiple myeloma and central nervous system involvement on his first relapse, treated with combined therapy.

Key words: multiple myeloma, central nervous system involvement.


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>Journals >Revista de Hematología >Year 2016, Issue 1

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