Entrar/Registro  
HOME SPANISH
 
Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
   
MENU

Contents by Year, Volume and Issue

Table of Contents

General Information

Instructions for Authors

Message to Editor

Editorial Board






>Journals >Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social >Year 2018, Issue S1


Cárdenas-Bahena Á, Velázquez-Olmedo LB, Falcón-Flores JA, García-Zámano IE, Montes-Salmerón RE, Reza-Bravo GG, Sánchez-García S
Self-perception of oral health in older adults from Mexico City
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2018; 56 (S1)

Language: Español
References: 30
Page: 54-63
PDF: 337.98 Kb.


Full text




ABSTRACT

Background: Quality of life related to oral health is assessed through the individual’s self-perceived oral health (SPOH). The objective is to determine SPOH in relation to socio-demographic and health characteristics in older adults beneficiaries from the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) in Mexico City.
Methods: Cross-sectional study. We used data collection with questionnaire and assessment scales related to socio-demographic, health and dependency variables, as well as the visit to the dentist, the use of removable dental prostheses and SPOH. The self-perception means (Geriatric/General Oral Health Assessment Index-GOHAI) were calculated, and we used Student’s t, ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc tests.
Results: 60.5% were women; the average age of population was 68.23 ± 7.0. GOHAI total mean was 48.07 (48.05-48.08). Compared to their counterparts, people with the next features showed marked improvement in SPOH: of 60-69 years of age, separated or divorced, ≥ 7 years of study, paid work, living alone, no smoking, drinking alcohol, with a good health perception, low weight, no cognitive impairment, no depression, no anxiety, no comorbidity, consumption ‹ 5 drugs, with limitations in basic activities, without limitations in instrumental activities, who did not visit the dentist and who did not use removable prosthesis.
Conclusion: The concept of quality of life essentially incorporates the SPOH as a need in the evaluation of health outcomes.


Key words: Geriatric dentistry, Aged, Self-perception, Oral health.


REFERENCIAS

  1. Fedarko NS. The Biology of Aging and Frailty. Clinics in geriatric medicine. 2011; 27:27-37.

  2. Beard JR, Biggs S, Bloom DE, Fried LP, Hogan P, Kalache A, et al. Global Population Ageing: Peril or Promise? Geneve: World Economic Forum; 2011.

  3. Arias-Merino ED, Mendoza-Ruvalcaba NM, Arias- Merino MJ, Cueva-Contreras J, Vazquez-Arias C. Prevalence of Successful Aging in the Elderly in Western Mexico. Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research. 2012; 2012:6.

  4. Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). Constitución de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. 45 ed. Organización Mundial de la Salud; 2006.

  5. De Andrade FB, Lebrao ML, Santos JL, da Cruz Teixeira DS, de Oliveira Duarte YA. Relationship between oral health-related quality of life, oral health, socioeconomic, and general health factors in elderly Brazilians. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012;60:1755-60.

  6. [No authors listed]. Study protocol for the World Health Organization project to develop a Quality of Life assessment instrument (WHOQOL). Qual Life Res. 1993; 2:153-9.

  7. Al Shamrany M. Oral health-related quality of life: a broader perspective. 2006.

  8. Velázquez-Olmedo LB, Ortíz-Barrios LB, Cervantes- Velázquez A, Cárdenas-Bahena Á, García-Peña C, Sánchez-García S. Calidad de vida relacionada con la salud oral en adultos mayores. Instrumentos de evaluación. Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2014; 52:448-56.

  9. Sánchez-García S, García-Pena C, Salva A, Sánchez- Arenas R, Granados-García V, Cuadros-Moreno J, et al. Frailty in community-dwelling older adults: association with adverse outcomes. Clin Interv Aging. 2017; 12:1003-11.

  10. Sánchez-García S, García-Pena C, Duque-Lopez M, Juarez-Cedillo T, Cortes-Nunez A, Reyes-Beaman S. Anthropometric measures and nutritional status in a healthy elderly population. BMC Public Health. 2007;7:2.

  11. Beaman SR, Beaman PE, García-Peña C, Villa MA, Heres J, Córdova A, et al. Validation of a Modified Version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in Spanish. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition. 2004;11:1-11.

  12. Sánchez-García S, Juárez-Cedillo T, Gallegos- Carrillo K, Gallo JJ, Wagner FA, García-Peña C. Frecuencia de los síntomas depresivos entre adultos mayores de la Ciudad de México. Salud Mental. 2012;35:71-7.

  13. Sinoff G, Ore L, Zlotogorsky D, Tamir A. Short Anxiety Screening Test--a brief instrument for detecting anxiety in the elderly. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 1999;14:1062-71.

  14. Katz S, Ford AB, Moskowitz RW, Jackson BA, Jaffe MW. Studies of illness in the aged. The index of adl: a standardized measure of biological and psychosocial function. JAMA. 1963;185:914-9.

  15. Lawton MP, Brody EM. Assessment of older people: self-maintaining and instrumental activities of daily living. The Gerontologist. 1969;9:179-86.

  16. Sánchez-García S, Juárez-Cedillo T, Reyes-Morales H, de la Fuente-Hernández J, Solórzano-Santos F, García-Peña C. Estado de la dentición y sus efectos en la capacidad de los ancianos para desempeñar sus actividades habituales. Salud Publica Mex. 2007;49:173-81.

  17. Pinzón-Pulido SA, Gil-Montoya JA. Validación del Índice de Valoración de Salud Oral en Geriatría en una población geriátrica institucionalizada de Granada. Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología. 1999;34:273-82.

  18. Hassel AJ, Rolko C, Koke U, Leisen J, Rammelsberg P. A German version of the GOHAI. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2008;36:34-42.

  19. Naito M, Suzukamo Y, Nakayama T, Hamajima N, Fukuhara S. Linguistic adaptation and validation of the General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) in an elderly Japanese population. J Public Health Dent. 2006;66:273-5.

  20. Ergul S, Akar GC. Reliability and validity of the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index in Turkey. J Gerontol Nurs. 2008;34:33-9.






>Journals >Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social >Year 2018, Issue S1
 

· Journal Index 
· Links 






       
Copyright 2019