2021, Number 2
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ABSTRACTBackground: Hereditary hemolytic anemias are due to structural defects of the membrane as in the molecular content of erythrocyte hemoglobin, which leads to premature death. Among the most frequent hemolytic anemias is sickle cell anemia, hereditary spherocytosis and thalassemia.
Objective: To know the oral manifestations in patients with hereditary hemolytic anemias for an early diagnosis and personalized stomatological care.
Materials and Methods: A prospective, observational, cross-sectional, descriptive study was carried out at the Regional Hospital of High Specialty of the Child Dr. Rodolfo Nieto Padrón, Villahermosa, Tabasco, Mexico, in children who attended the hematology and odontopediatrics services of external consultation in the afternoon shift, during the period of June 4th to August 8th, 2019. An ad hoc instrument was designed consisting of three sections, the first to investigate sociodemographic data, a second to know the hematological diagnosis and a third to explore oral manifestations.
Results: A total of 10 children and adolescents whose ages ranged from 1 to 13 years were examined; 5 of them belonged to the male sex; of the hereditary hematologic disorders 5/10 had sickle cell anemia and 5/10 hereditary spherocytosis. The most common manifestations were pale mucous membranes, multiple caries, hypomineralization, paleness and jaundice of teguments.
Conclusions: The dentist surgeon must know the oral manifestations in these types of patients, to provide personalized stomatological care according to their needs without jeopardizing their general health.
Marenco-Mercado G. Caracterización clínico epidemiológico de los pacientes con diagnóstico de anemias hemolíticas en el Servicio de Hematología del Hospital Infantil Manuel de Jesús Rivera “La Mascota” en el periodo comprendido enero 2011-diciembre 2015. Tesis para optar el título de pediatría (marzo de 2016).