2011, Number 2
Ortho-tips 2011; 7 (2)
PDF size: 70.31 Kb.
ABSTRACTThe current definition of scoliosis is a deformity of the spine in three dimensions, where in the coronal plane exceeds 10 degrees, and lateral displacement of the vertebral body crosses the midline, and regularly accompanied by some degree of rotation. It is a complex and dynamic process at a time, which occurs mainly in the thoracolumbar spine. In the source of scoliosis, you can find three main categories:
1. Neuromuscular. Mainly due to a muscle imbalance.
2. Congenital. As a result of asymmetry in the development of the vertebrae.
3. Idiopathic. When we did not find a specific cause.
To facilitate the objective assessment of this deformity, some classifications have emerged. Since 1983, we have used the King classification, but their use has the disadvantage that the sagittal profile is not taken into account, and double or triple major curves either, so the new classification of Dr. Lawrence Lenke, launched in 2001, taking into account more complex parameters, has gained popularity in recent years. This classification takes into account six different curve patterns. Determining the type of scoliosis is based on the records of X-rays taken in two planes, as well as dynamic radiographs of the left and right bending, and are described in this article.