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>Journals >Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río >Year 2013, Issue 4


Arteaga PY, Arencibia DL, Gómez GDB, Martínez MA, Almora CC
Epidemiological characterization of acute decompensation of bronchial asthma
Rev Ciencias Médicas 2013; 17 (4)

Language: Español
References: 15
Page: 94-104
PDF: 140.81 Kb.


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ABSTRACT

Introduction: bronchial asthma has a complex pathophysiology involving the presence of genetic factors of atopy and dysfunctional immunological mechanisms in the patient.
Objective: to characterize the association of diverse epidemiological aspects with the onset of acute decompensation of bronchial asthma.
Material and method: a descriptive and cross-sectional study comprising 118 patients from two Doctor's offices at "Hermanos Cruz" University Clinic, Pinar del Rio city during the first three-month of 2012. The group of patients suffering from decompensation of the disease was compared with the group of stable patients. A questionnaire was applied to explore variables of interest. To verify the association among variables chi-square test was used for a statistical significance level of á=0.05.
Results: acute decompensation was almost two times more frequent in female sex. In some significant extend (Z=3,26 p‹0,01) a third part of the asthmatic people; housewives and students were the most affected. Only 38,1% of the asthmatic group had an adequate follow- up by specialists (general practitioner, paediatrician, allergist or immunologist) and out of them only the 11,1% presented acute decompensation, meanwhile 39, 7% of those having not a specialized follow-up suffered from decompensation.
Conclusions: the degradation of living conditions in their houses favored the onset of acute decompensation of asthma. There were pets in three-quarter of the houses, observing a strong association between this condition and the onset of acute decompensations in asthmatic patients.


Key words: Asthma/epidemiology, Risk factors.


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>Journals >Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río >Year 2013, Issue 4
 

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