2018, Number 4
Mul Med 2018; 22 (4)
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: transversal micrognathism includes alterations in the growth, development and physiology of the anatomical components that make up the stomatognathic system, oral habits are risk factors in their installation.
Objective: to evaluate the relationship between deforming oral habits and transverse micrognathism.
Method: a cross-sectional analytical observational study of case-control type was performed in patients admitted to the orthodontic clinic of the University Clinic of Stomatological Specialties Manuel Cedeño, between May and December 2017. The sample consisted of 55 patients between the ages of 7 to 12 years, who met the inclusion criteria.
Results: mouth breathing, digital suction, tongue thrust and use of the bottle were factors of risk in the appearance of transversal micrognathism with p = 0.0079, p = 0.0029, p = 0.0000 and p = 0.0343; respectively.
Conclusions: there is a relationship between mouth breathing, digital suction, tongue thrust and bottle feeding as etiological factors in the installation of transverse micrognathism.