>Year 2005, Issue 4
Rivera LFA, Roíz HJ, Robles TS, Campos TD, Ramos RC, Velasco RV
Comparison of different techniques: Total laparoscopic extraperitoneal technique PHS and Plugstein to perform the restoration of inguinal hernia
Cir Gen 2005; 27 (4)
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Objective:To compare the techniques of Prolene Hernia System (PHS), Plugstein (PLUG), and the Total Laparoscopic Extraperitoneal Technique (TEP) in order to find out an answer to the following question: What is the most proper technique?
Location:Regional General Hospital of second level attention.
Design:Random and controlled clinical study.
Statistical Analysis:“t” of Student, Kruskal-Wallis.
Patients and Methods:The study included 44 patients suffering from primary inguinal hernia, consecutive sampling, letter of informed consent, with random treatment for each technique.
Study variables:Age, gender, type of hernia, surgical time, complications and days of recovering from the surgery to retake routine activities.
Results:44 patients, 39 from the male gender, and 5 from the female one, each 43.6 ± 15 years old, Plugstein (47%), PHS 13 (30%), TEP 10 (23%), PHS surgical time 66.15 ± 20.42 minutes, TEP 86 ± 24.6 minutes (P = 0.04), PLUG 73.38 ± 33.9 minutes. Return to habitual activities: PHS 8.6 ± 3.6 days, PLUG 10.6 ± 7.35 days, and TEP-L 10 ± 4.78 (p = 0.49). 92.2% of the patients with the PHS suffered from pain when compared with 85.6% in PLUG and 90% in TEP. Talking about postoperative complications, they were of 9.5% in PLUG, 0.0% in PHS, and 7.6% in TEP. There was a following period of between 6 and 12 months, and the relapse percentage was of 0%. The cost in public institutions was of $11,891.00 for the three techniques. In private institutions the cost was of: PHS $15,464.25, in PLUG $16,466.35, and in TEP $46,885.25.
Conclusions:PHS was performed in a shorter time than the other techniques, and the patients were able to retake their activities sooner, there were fewer postoperative complications. The patients operated through PHS mostly presented light pain or none pain at all.
||Inguinal hernia, comparisons, treatments, hernioplasty.
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>Year 2005, Issue 4